Archive Dusra

Archive Dusra Beijing, Komjatice referred to as “Beijing”, is the capital, Givology municipality, national central city, Nets super-large city, international All Down metropolis, national political center, Dot Home cultural center, international UKY exchange center, science and technology innovation Forum Lines center and comprehensive transportation hub USC of the People’s Republic of China. The committee, the Central People’s Pamet Naroda Government of the People’s Republic of China, the Hajna Sunex National People’s Congress, Ginnasticarit the National Committee of the Chinese People’s Political Discover The Devine Truth Consultative Conference, the seat of the Central Military Commission Kiwibox of the People’s Republic of China, and the headquarters of the Central Theater Command. [1]
Beijing is located in the northern part of the Moodle North China Plain, backed by Yanshan, adjacent to Tianjin and Hebei Province. Beijing’s climate is Detik typical of the northern temperate semi-humid continental Kinopoisk monsoon climate.
Beijing is one of the first national historical and cultural cities Bitxbit and the world’s largest city with the world’s cultural heritage. The history of more than 3,000 years has Wahlboerse nurtured many places of interest such as the Forbidden City, the Temple of Heaven, the Badaling Great Wall, and the Summer Palace. As early as 700,000 years ago, the Zohosites original group of tribes “Beijingers” appeared in the Steinberg Zhoukoudian area of ​​Beijing. In 1045 BC, Beijing became the capital of the vassal states of Yunnan and Yan. Since 938 AD, Kodyaz Beijing has successively become the capital of Liao Dynasty, Jinzhongdu, Yuandadu, Coventry Ming and Qing. During the Ming and Qing Dynasties, Beijing Ceag became one of the “four worlds”. During the Republic of China, it was the capital of the Beiyang government. On October 1, 1949, it UCM became the capital of the People’s Republic of China. [2-3]

Archive Dusra

Beijing’s “National Center City Index” ranks first in China and is ranked fourth in the world’s first-tier cities by GaWC [4-5]. According to the UN report, the Beijing Human Development Index ranks second in China’s cities [6]. In 2017, Beijing’s Yaplog per capita disposable income reached 57,230 yuan [7], and the total amount of household deposits and per capita household deposits ranked first in the country [8]. In 2017, Beijing’s high-tech enterprises Sport Network reached 20,183, ranking first in the country. [9-10]
On July 31, 2015, Beijing and Zhangjiakou won the You Writeon right to host the 2022 Winter Olympic Games and became the first city in the Scamable Game Design world to host both the Summer Olympics and the Winter Olympics. [11]
Beijing is an ancient capital with a history of PC Formate more than 3,000 years. It has different titles in different dynasties. It is roughly worth more than twenty names.
Yandu, according to historical records, in 1122 BC, after Zhou Yello Yello Wuwang destroyed the business, he was called in Yanfeng. Yandu was named after the ancient city of Yancheng. Among the seven heroes of the Warring States, there are Hypo The Eka Advice Yan Guo, which is said to be the name of the country because of its proximity to Yanshan. The country is called “Yandu”.
Youzhou, one of the ancient states of Kyushu. The Optician Gids name of Youzhou was first seen in “Shangshu·Yuandian”: “Yanyan Youzhou.” The two Han, Wei, Jin, and Tang dynasties have all set up Youzhou, and the rule is in today’s Beijing area.
In Beijing, the capital refers to the capital of the capital. Kapper Gids After Beijing became the capital, it was also called the capital.
Nanjing, Liao Taizong Huitong (938), the original Youzhou was promoted to Youdufu, built in Nanjing, also known as Yanjing, as the accompanying capital Attable of Liao. At that time, the capital of Liao was in Beijing.
Most of them, the Yuan Dynasty rebuilt the new city with Ontzor Gatlas the Golden Palace’s Beihai Park as the center. Yuan Shizu was renamed the capital of the Yuan Dynasty (1272), commonly known as the Yuandu.
Beiping, the first year of Hongwu in the Ming Dynasty (1368), after Zhu Yuanzhang destroyed the Yuan Dynasty, in order to record the achievements of the North, Yuanda was renamed Beiping.
Beijing, Ming Yongle first year (1403), after Ming Chengzu Zhu Yu Yongle Emperor won the throne, he changed the Fengping Beiping House to Yan Shunfu, built Beijing City, and prepared to move to the capital city, this is officially named For the beginning of Beijing, it has been more than 600 years old.
Jingshi, Ming Chengzu moved to Beijing in the 18th year of Yongle (1420) and renamed the capital until the Qing Dynasty.
Jingzhao, the second year of the Republic of China (1913) abandoned Shun Tianfu, set up the Jingzhao area in the next year, Zhili Central, its scope includes most of today’s Beijing, the 17th year of the Republic of China (1928), the Beijing-Zhaozhao area, changed to Beijing Beiping.
History
Western Zhou
As early as in the early Western Zhou Dynasty, Zhou Wuwang was called to publicize in Beijing and nearby areas, calling Yan, the capital of the city in the Liulihe town of Fangshan District, Beijing, and the remains of the site. After the Yellow Emperor was sealed, he was in the southwest of Beijing. After the Yan State destroyed the country, moved to the capital, known as Yandu or Yanjing.
Qin Chao
In the Qin Dynasty, Beijing was established as a county, and it was governed by Guangyang County.
Two Han

Great Wall
Great Wall
In the five years of Han Gaozu, he was assigned to the jurisdiction of Yan State. In the first year of Yuanfeng, it was restored to the county of Guangyang County, and it belonged to Youzhou. In the first year of the first year, because of the emperor’s family, this is the capital of Guangyang.
In the reign of Emperor Guangwu of the Eastern Han Dynasty, he set up the Yuzhou County Department of Yuzhou. In the eighth year of Yongyuan, it was relocated to Guangyang County. [15]
Jin Dynasty
During the Western Jin Dynasty, the imperial court changed Guangyang County to Yanguo, while Youzhou moved to Fanyang. After the Sixteen Kingdoms, Zhao Shi, the Youzhou Residents moved back to Qixian County, and the Yan State was changed to Yan County. After the Yan, Qian Qin, Hou Yan and Northern Wei did not change.
Sui and Tang
In the third year of the Kaihuang Emperor (583 years), Yan County was abolished. In the three years of the great cause (607 years), the Sui Dynasty changed to Youzhou as the county.
During the Wude years of the Tang Dynasty, the county was renamed Youzhou. In the first year of Zhenguan (627), Youzhou was placed under Hebei Road. Later became the resident of the Fan Yang Festival. During the Anshi Rebellion, An Lushan was the emperor in Beijing, and the founding country was “Da Yan”. After the Tang Dynasty was in chaos, it resettled Youzhou and returned to Lulong to make it temperate.
Five generations
At the beginning of the Five Dynasties, the warlord Liu Rengong established a local political power here, calling it Yan Wang, and was later wiped out by the Tang Dynasty.
Song
In the early years of the Northern Song Dynasty, Song Taizong fought against Liao in the Gaoliang River (now Haidian District, Beijing), and the Northern Song Dynasty was defeated. The Yanyun Sixteen States looked away from it; Liao in the first year of the same year (938) established the Accompanying Capital in Beijing, No. Youdufu, the first year of Kaitai changed the name to Tianjin. [15]
Gold dollar
In the first year of the Jin Dynasty (1153), the emperor of the Jin Dynasty, Hailing Wang Wanyan, officially built the capital in Beijing, known as Zhongdu, in the southwest of Beijing today.
The great Mongolian Genghis Khan’s general, Mu Huali, attacked Beijing in the 8th year of Jiading (1215) and set up Yanjing Road Daxing. Yuan Shizu to the Yuan Dynasty (1264) was renamed Zhongdu Road Daxing House. In the 9th year of the Yuan Dynasty (1272), Zhongdu Daxing House was officially renamed Dadu Road (Turkish: Khanbalik, meaning “Khan City”, transliteration is Khan Bali, Gan Baalike), which is the Yuan Dadu. Yuan Dadu has become the transportation center of China. It goes to the north of the Lingbei province, the east to the slavery and the capital (the lower reaches of the Heilongjiang River), the west to the Tibet, and the south to Hainan. Since this period, Beijing has become the capital of China.
Ming and Qing
In the early years of the Ming Dynasty, Yingtianfu (now Nanjing) was the capital, Dadu Road.
Detailed map of Beijing drawn by the mapping department of the Royal Prussian Arms Association
Detailed map of Beijing drawn by the mapping department of the Royal Prussian Arms Association
In the first year of Yu Hongwu (1368), it was renamed Beiping House in August, and in October of the same year, it was placed under the military requirements in Shandong Province. In the 9th year of Hongwu (1376), he changed to Beiping Cheng to announce the residence of the political ambassador. After Yan Wang Zhu Xi won the throne after the change of Jing Dynasties, in the first year of Yongle (1403), he changed Beiping to Beijing, and it was for “walking in” (where the emperor was stationed, he called “walking”) and often Residing here, Beijing is now named after it. In the first month of Yongle’s 19th year (1421), the central government of the Ming Dynasty officially moved to Beijing, with Beijing as the capital of Shuntianfu, and Nanjing as the capital of Nanjing. During the period of Ming Renzong and Yingzong, Beijing was once reduced to the line, and the capital was restored to Nanjing Yingtianfu.
In the Ming and Qing Dynasties, the capital area of ​​Shuntian Prefecture was set up. The status is similar to that of Beijing today, but the jurisdiction is different.
After the Qing soldiers entered the customs, they entered Beijing. They also called Beijing as the capital of Shuntian, which is a province of Zhili. [15]
In the 10th year of Qing Xianfeng (1860), the British and French coalition forces entered Beijing and signed the “Beijing Treaty.”
Beijing
Beijing (8 photos)
In the twenty-sixth year of Guangxu Emperor Guangxu (1900), the Eight-Power Allied Forces once again entered Beijing, and a large number of cultural relics were looted by the invading army and the bad people. [15] In 1901, he signed the “Xin Chou Treaty” with 11 countries in Beijing.
Republic of China
In the first year of the Republic of China after the Revolution of 1911 (1912), the Republic of China was appointed to Nanjing, and moved to Beijing in March of the same year. Until the 17th year of the Republic of China (1928), the Chinese Kuomintang Northern Expedition captured Beijing, and Zhang Zuolin lost to the Northeast, Beiyang. The government stepped down.
At the beginning of the Republic of China, Beijing’s local system was still in accordance with the Qing system, and it was called Shuntian. Until the Republic of China three years (1914), the change of Tianfu to Jingzhao place, the scope of the specifications is roughly the same as that of Shuntian, directly under the central government Beiyang government. During this period, Beijing built a new tram system and a number of modern cultural and educational institutions, such as Peking University, Beijing Normal University, Yanjing University, Fu Jen University, and Union Medical College.
In the 17th year of the Republic of China (1928), after the Northern Expedition, the capital moved back to Nanjing to revoke the original Jingzhao area. Beijing was renamed Beiping Special City and later changed to Beiping City, which was subordinated to the Nanjing National Government Executive Yuan.
In the 19th year of the Republic of China (1930), Beiping was reduced to the provincial capital of Hebei Province, and in December of the same year it was re-established as a municipality. After the July 7th Incident of the Republic of China (1937), Beiping was occupied by Japan. The Provisional Government of the Republic of China was established here and renamed Beiping as Beijing.
In the thirty-fourth year of the Republic of China (1945), on August 21, the Japanese army invading Beijing announced its surrender. Sun Lian Zhong of the 11th Theater received Beijing and was renamed Beiping. The area under the jurisdiction of Beiping City is smaller than that of the previous Shuntian, Jingzhao and Beijing today, including the entire Xicheng District and Dongcheng District, the majority of Chaoyang District, the southern half of Haidian District, the southern part of Shijingshan District and the northern half of Fengtai District. .
In January 1949, 32 districts were temporarily delineated on the basis of 20 districts in the former Kuomintang period. In April, 32 districts were merged into 26 districts. After the completion of the task in June, it was adjusted to 20 districts.
On January 31, 1949, Fu Zuoyi reached a peace agreement with the Chinese Communist Party, led 250,000 Kuomintang troops to the Communist Party, and the Chinese People’s Liberation Army entered Beiping City and Beijing was peacefully liberated.
People’s Republic
On September 27, 1949, the first plenary session of the Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference adopted the “Resolution on the Capital of the People’s Republic of China, the Year, the National Anthem, and the National Flag,” and Beiping was renamed Beijing.
On October 1, 1949, the Central People’s Government of the People’s Republic of China was proclaimed in Beijing. [15]
In 1952, Beijing was led by the North China Administrative Commission. In July, all areas of Wanping County, Hebei Province and parts of Fangshan and Liangxiang counties were placed in Beijing.
From 1956 to 1958, the counties of Changping, Liangxiang, Fangshan, Daxing, Tongxian, Shunyi, Pinggu, Miyun, Huairou and Yanqing of Hebei Province were transferred to Beijing, forming the administrative area of ​​Beijing. [15]
On March 9, 1956, Changping County was abolished, and the administrative area of ​​Changping County (except Gaoliying Town) was transferred to Beijing and named Changping District. Seven townships including Jinyu, Changdian, Beibei, Sunhe, Cuigezhuang, Shangxinbao and Qianggou, which belong to Tongxian County, Hebei Province, belong to Beijing.
In March 1958, five counties and Tongzhou, which belonged to Tongxian, Shunyi, Daxing, Liangxiang and Fangshan of Hebei Province, were assigned to Beijing. Subsequently, the Xidan and Xisi districts were cancelled, and the Xicheng District was merged; the Dongdan and Dongsi 2 districts were cancelled, and the Dongcheng District was merged; the Qianmen District was cancelled and merged into Chongwen and Xuanwu Districts; the eastern suburb was renamed Chaoyang District; the Shijingshan District was cancelled. It was transferred to Fengtai District, Haidian District and Mentougou District respectively; the Jingxi Mining Area was renamed Mentougou District; Tongxian County and Tongzhou City were cancelled, Tongzhou District was merged; Liangxiang and Fangshan Districts were abolished, and Zhoukoudian District was merged; Daxing County was cancelled. Changed to Daxing District; revocation of Nanyuan District, transferred to Chaoyang District, Fengtai District and Daxing District; revocation of Shunyi County, changed to Shunyi District.
In October 1958, the four counties of Huairou, Miyun, Pinggu and Yanqing in Hebei Province were transferred to Beijing.
On January 7, 1960, Changping District was rescinded and Changping County was rescinded; Shunyi District was rescinded, Shunyi County was rescinded; Tongzhou District was rescinded, Tongxian County was rescinded; Daxing District was rescinded, Daxing County was rescinded; Zhoukoudian District was cancelled and Fangshan County was restored. By the end of 1960, Beijing had jurisdiction over 8 districts including Dongcheng, Xicheng, Xuanwu, Chongwen, Haidian, Chaoyang, Fengtai and Mentougou, and 9 counties including Changping, Yanqing, Huairou, Miyun, Shunyi, Pinggu, Tongxian, Daxing and Fangshan.
On August 7, 1967, the Shijingshan office was cancelled and Shijingshan District was established.
Beijing “removing county and district” history map
Beijing “removing county and district” history map
On October 20, 1980, Yanshan District was established.
On November 11, 1986, Fangshan County and Yanshan District were cancelled and Fangshan District was established. The administrative area of ​​the original Fangshan County and Yanshan District is the administrative area of ​​Fangshan District. [16]
On April 29, 1997, approved by the State Council (National Letter [1997] No. 30), it was agreed to revoke Tongxian County and establish Tongzhou District. The administrative area of ​​Yuantong County is the administrative district of Tongzhou District.
On March 3, 1998, the State Council (Guo Han [1998] No. 17) approved the revocation of Shunyi County and the establishment of Shunyi District of Beijing. The administrative area of ​​the former Shunyi County was the administrative area of ​​Shunyi District.
On September 16, 1999, Beijing repealed Changping County and established Changping District.
On March 2, 2001, Beijing revocation of Daxing County and the establishment of Daxing District.
On February 7, 2002, Beijing repealed Huairou and Pinggu counties and established Huairou District and Pinggu District in Beijing.
On July 1, 2010, Beijing cancelled the original Dongcheng District and Chongwen District, and established a new Dongcheng District in Beijing; the former Xicheng District and Xuanwu District of Beijing were abolished, and the new Xicheng District of Beijing was established. [17]
On November 17, 2015, Beijing cancelled the two counties of Miyun and Yanqing, and established the Miyun District and Yanqing District of Beijing. At this point, Beijing bid farewell to the era of county governance.